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The General Purposes Committee of Westminster City Council considered the notion
put forward by The Times in their edition of 31st July, that the proposed
siting of the Cenotaph in the middle of six lanes of heavy traffic was unsuitable
and concluded that a better location would be Parliament Square.  Mond
read the minutes of the General Purposes Committee, minuted Earle and instructed
him to consult the Treasury Solicitors to enquire whether the Board of Works
could proceed without the Council's permission. Earle counselled caution. Mond
then wrote to the Mayor of Westminster Council and explained what the nation
required of him: 'Before the Council come to a final decision on this question
I should like them to bear in mind that the erection of the permanent Memorial
is the declared decision of the Cabinet supported by the House of Commons and
public opinion. With regard to the Committee's suggestion that the Cenotaph
should be erected in Parliament Square or elsewhere, I think it should be remembered
that it was specially designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens for the position in which
it stands and with the most careful regard for its surroundings. The spot on
which it stands is now consecrated to the Memory of all those, whether belonging
to the Empire or our Allies, who fell in the Great War, and it will thus be
remembered for all time the spot containing the Memorial to the 'Glorious Dead'
which was saluted by the representatives of the troops of the Empire and of
our Allies on the day when Peace in the Greatest War in the World's history
was celebrated in London'.  'The
matter was finally settled at a meeting of Westminster County Council; a motion
that Parliament Square was more suitable was defeated, and the Cenotaph left
to stand where it now is in Whitehall'. 
On 1st November 1919 Lutyens submitted
his completed drawings for the permanent Cenotaph to Mond. Lutyens wrote:
'I have made slight alterations to meet the conditions demanded by the
setting out of its lines on subtle curvatures, the difference is almost
imperceptible, yet sufficient to give it a sculpturesque quality and a
life, that cannot pertain to rectangular blocks of stone'.  Mond
approved the plans the same day.
'In terms of its form, the Cenotaph consists of a tomb chest set on top of
a tall stepped pylon, for which there are many classical prototypes, including
the tower tombs at Xanthos in Lycia and Roman examples such as the secundinii
tomb at Igel near Trier. Equally, elements in Lutyens' design can be derived
from Renaissance tombs and mausolea which revived these classical ideas.
What distinguishes the monument is its stark severity and lack of decoration,
which concentrates attention on the overall form; many who pass the Cenotaph
daily are probably unaware that it represents a tomb on a pedestal, but see
it simply as an abstract design - and such a reaction would no doubt have
pleased its author. Lutyens' monument was to spawn many copies and variations
(some by Lutyens himself) but none surpassed, or indeed equalled, the original'.  'What
made this monument so expensive a structure were the subtleties of its design.
It has, for instance the smallest stone joints rubbed since the Parthenon
was built in the 5th century BC. Nor does it contain a single vertical or
horizontal line'.  Lutyens
utilised the Greek technique of entasis, in which curved surfaces create
the illusion of linearity.  All
of the horizontal surfaces and planes are spherical. The 'verticals' if extended
would converge at a point over 1000 feet above the ground. The 'horizontals'
are radials of a circle whose centre is 900 feet below ground. The Cenotaph
deliberately omits any religious symbol, because those it commemorates were
of all creeds and none.
Alfred Mond to the Mayor of Westminster Council dated 11th August 1919.
PRO file Works/20/139.
Edwin Lutyens Journal of Remembrance
Edwin Lutyens to Sir Alfred Mond, 1st November 1919, PRO file Works/20/139.
Borg War Memorials
3rd February 1954.
Lutyens did not visit Athens until 1932.